Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs are diseases or infections transmitted to healthy males or females due to sexual intercourse with infected persons. The sexually transmitted diseases are otherwise known as veneral diseases VD or reproductive tract infections RTI. Infections like hepatitis-B and HIV are not only transmitted sexually but also by sharing of injection needles with infected persons, blood transfusion or from infected mother to foetus.
Early symptoms of STDs are itching, fluid discharge, and slight pain swellings in genital regions. Infected Essay about sexually transmitted diseases usually do not show any symptoms for a long time and therefore remain undetected. This can lead to severe complications later which include pelvic inflammatory disease PIDabortions, still births, ectopic pregnancies, infertility or even cancer of the reproductive tract.
Under the reproductive health care programmes, prevention, early detection and cure of STDs are given priority. Though all persons are vulnerable to these infections, their incidences are reported to be very high among persons in the age group of 15 to 24 years. In of doubt, one should go to a qualified doctor for early detection and proper treatment.
The causative pathogen is Treponema pallidium.
The first stage of the disease has symptoms like infections and painless ulcers on the genitals, swelling of lymph glands. In the second stage there are skin lesions, rashes, hair loss, swollen joints etc. In the later stage, chronic ulcers appear on palate, nose or lower leg. There can be paralysis, brain damage, blindness, heart trouble etc.
The incubation period is 10 Essay about sexually transmitted diseases 90 days. The disease is curable through appropriate antibiotics like penicillin and tetracyclin. The causative pathogen is Neisseria gonorrhoea.
The bacteria lives in genital tubes and produces pus containing discharge pain around genitalia and burning sensation during urination. Incubation period is 2 to 5 days. It can be treated with antibiotics like penicillin and ampicillin.
The causative bacterium is Haemophilus ducreyi. In this infection ulcer appears over the external genitalia which is painful and bleeding with swelling of nearby lymph nodes. It can be treated with antibiotics. The symptoms of AIDS are continued fever, lethargy, weight loss, nausia, headache, rashes, pharyngitis etc. Due to loss of immunity, the body is unable to protect itself against any type of infection.
The incubation period is 6 months to 10 years. The symptoms of the disease are fatigue, jaundice, persistent low fever, rash and abdominal pain. At Essay about sexually transmitted diseases later stage there is liver cirrhosis and possibly liver cancer, it can be dignosed by Austrelian antigen test and ELISA.
The causative virus is Herpes simplex virus. In this disease there are vesiculopustular lesions followed by clusters of painful erythematous ulcers over external genitalia and perianal regions. Symptoms are more severe in females. There is fever, headache, pain, and itching, vaginal and urethral discharge with swelling of lymph nodes.
It is also an incurable STD. These are hard outgrowths developing on the outer surface of external venitalia and perianal area. In women infection may enter vagina and cervix. It
Essay about sexually transmitted diseases through sexual intercou r se with carriers of this virus.
Cryosurgery is used for removal of the warts. Chlamydiae is a bacterial class whose members are obligate intracellular pathogens.
The following STDs are caused by chlamydiae. The causative bacteria are chlamydia trachomatis. This is a human pathogen that causes trachoma, sexually transmitted and perinatal infection. It causes urethritis epididymitis, cervicitis, inflamation of fallopian tubes, proctitis. The disease is transmitted by sexual contact with infected mating partner. The Essay about sexually transmitted diseases period is about one week.
Antibiotics like tetracycline, erythromycin and rifampacin are effective medicines. The causative bacterium is chlamydia trachomantis of L 1L 2L 3 serotype. It is a sexually transmitted infection usually of warm climate. The disease consists of a primary cutaneous or mucosal genital urithritis or endocervicitis.
Locally destructive ulcerations, rectal strictures and genital elephantiasis also occur. The causative protozoan is Trichomonas vaginalis. The parasite infects both males and females. In females it causes vaginitis with foul odour, yellow vaginal discharge and burning sensation. In males it causes urethritis, epididymitis and prostatitis resulting in pain and burning sensation.
disease is transmitted through sexual intercourse. The disease is treated with metronidazole. The causative organism is vaginal yeast, Candida albicans. The pathogen is found in mouth, colon and vagina. In case of vaginal infection, the women experience painful inflammation with thick cheesy discharge. Males may develop painful inflammation of urethra through sexual contact with infected woman.
Essay about sexually transmitted diseases like clotrimazole, miconazole and nystatin can cure the infection. Malthus Theory of Population Growth. Features, Examples, Types and Significance. This is a
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Answer Now and help others. Here's how it works: Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Is pasteurised milk sterile? Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major health problem affecting mostly young people, not only in developing, but also in developed.
There are three types of STDs: bacterial, viral and parasitic. In this essay, we will study one disease from each category by analyzing the causes, describe the. The term "Sexually Transmitted Diseases" refers to a group of illnesses that
Essay about sexually transmitted diseases be transmitted from one person to another through the sharing of body.