Our city was founded as a frontier fortress for protection from the raids of the “Kirghiz-kaisak Horde” the ruler of the Orenburg region I. order of Queen Yelizaveta in 1743 in Holy Trinity day. The city was destined to become a “window to Asia” – the realization of the dreams of Peter the great, and one of the first Russian towns, constructed by a “regular” urban development plan. Favorable geographical position at the junction of the Ural mountains, the Siberian taiga and Kazakh steppes, through the ancient caravan roads, connecting more with the bronze age Mesopotamia UY and Uvelka with the Great silk road, allowed the city to become a third center of trade fairs in the country after the Nizhny Novgorod and Irbit.
In 1774 the fortress by storm was taken by the troops of Yemelyan Pugachev. Still at the Holy Trinity Cathedral preserved traces of the rebels. The Cathedral houses the venerated icon of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, was baptized there on the fabulist Ivan Krylov. The city was visited by the crown Prince – the future Emperor Nicholas II, was born here an outstanding lawyer F. N. Plevako, created the most famous poets and writers: G. Tukay, M. Gafuri, A. B. Klimov and Streams. Continue reading